‘Knock knees’ describes the knee position where they turn in towards each other. This means that they’re prone to brushing against each other during walking. This position tends to be prominent between the ages of 3 and 5, as it can help growing kids maintain balance when developing their gait and coordination.
This knee position is medically referred to as genu valgum.
Knock knees are often a relatively normal variation during the growth and development - unless it persists for too long (after the age of 7), or doesn’t develop until a later age (signs only start from the age of 6). In these cases, there may be an underlying condition such as rickets or osteomalacia. Contributing factors to the development of knock knees include:
Where knock knees present between the ages of 3 and 5 years:
Where knock knees continue beyond age 7 and into adolescence or adulthood, symptoms may include:
How are knock knees treated?
The majority of knock knees in young children resolve by the age of 6-7. If you are concerned about your child’s knee posture - or your own - come in for an assessment so we can help address the alignment issues with treatments that may include:
After your assessment, we’ll create a tailored management plan based on the individual symptoms you’re experiencing and your activity goals.